Living organ donation and transplantation developed as a direct result of the critical shortage of deceased donors. Living organ donation dates back to 1954, when a kidney from one twin was successfully transplanted into his identical brother. Today, one in four of living donors are not biologically related to the recipient.
Types of living organ donor transplants
Who can be a living donor?
Steps to Becoming a Living Donor
- Blood tests
- Tissue typing
- Cross matching
- Antibody screen
- Urine tests
- Chest X-Ray and Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Radiologic testing
- Female donors may receive a gynecological examination
- Cancer screening
- Assessment of mental health, ability to understand the risks and benefits as a donor; Determination that the potential living donor is free from coercion.
- The transplant recipient’s insurance will cover the general expenses of a living donor: the evaluation, surgery, and limited follow-up tests and medical appointments.
- The recipient’s insurance coverage usually does not cover transportation, lodging, long distance phone calls, childcare, or lost wages.
- The Living Bank offers stipends, on a limited basis, through an application process, to cover transportation and lodging.
- Kidney donor, the stay in the hospital is usually three to seven days after surgery.
- Liver donor, the stay in the hospital is usually a week, or longer in some cases.