Types of living organ donor transplants

Kidney (entire organ)
Liver (segment)
Lung (lobe)
Intestine (portion)
Pancreas (portion)
 
Directed donation  
Biologically-related donors are blood relatives, such as parents, brothers/sisters, and adult children.
 
Unrelated donors can include people who have some type of social connection with a transplant candidate, such as a spouse or significant other, friend, or co-worker. 
 
Other unrelated donors may be acquaintances or even strangers who have learned about a transplant candidate.
 
Non-directed donation
These individuals donate to an anonymous candidate on the national waiting list.
 
Paired donation or paired exchange
Involves two pairs of potential living kidney donors and transplant candidates who are not compatible. The two candidates “trade” donors so that each candidate receives a kidney from a compatible donor.
 

Who can be a living donor?  

Living donors should be in good overall physical and mental health and free from uncontrolled high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and organ diseases. Living donors must be 18 years of age or older.

Steps to Becoming a Living Donor

If you would like information on becoming a living donor, please contact The Living Bank at 1-800-528-2971 or info@livingbank.org
 
Living donors must complete a medical and psychosocial evaluation and be informed of the risks involved. The medical evaluation includes but is not limited to:
 
  • Blood tests
  • Tissue typing
  • Cross matching
  • Antibody screen
  • Urine tests
  • Chest X-Ray and Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Radiologic testing 
  • Female donors may receive a gynecological examination
  • Cancer screening
 
The psychosocial/psychological evaluation includes but is not limited to:
 
  • Assessment of mental health, ability to understand the risks and benefits as a donor; Determination that the potential living donor is free from coercion.
 
Financial Aspect
Living donors cannot be paid for the donated organ (illegal under the National Organ Transplant Act of 1984). 
 
  • The transplant recipient’s insurance will cover the general expenses of a living donor: the evaluation, surgery, and limited follow-up tests and medical appointments.
  • The recipient’s insurance coverage usually does not cover transportation, lodging, long distance phone calls, childcare, or lost wages.
  • The Living Bank offers stipends, on a limited basis, through an application process, to cover transportation and lodging.
 
Recovery from Surgery
  • Kidney donor, the stay in the hospital is usually three to seven days after surgery.
  • Liver donor, the stay in the hospital is usually a week, or longer in some cases.